As we can see, the first part of the information – conditionally constant – is supplemented by the second part – the actual.

As we can see, the first part of the information – conditionally constant – is supplemented by the second part – the actual.

Accounting or primary (actual) information characterizes the processes and phenomena that occur or are in the production and economic, etc. activities. Through this, factual, information is determined by the degree of implementation of the production plan for the manufacture of products for all parameters and their compliance with design and technological requirements.

Note that the elements of the information system – information aggregates in the enterprise – are not only interconnected and complementary, but also repeated many times.

This characteristic feature (repetition) is very effectively used when using a PC. For example, if the normative-planning and design-technological (ie conditionally-constant) information carries the message that, in what (given) quantity, as, where, on what, by means of what, in what conditions, etc. it is necessary to do, the actual (accounting) information answers the question of who did, as well as what, in what (actual) quantity, how, where, on what, with what, in what conditions, etc. has already been done. As we can see, the first part of the information – conditionally constant – is supplemented by the second part – the actual.

In this case, both parts have much in common. Yes, the information that answers the question of what, how, where, on what, with what and in what conditions, is in both parts, and only the information that answers the question who made and in what quantity, is a new addition ( ie variable information). If the actual indicator in what quantity corresponds to the planned or normative, it will no longer be a new addition.

If the collection and processing of information sets is performed manually, then these general conditionally constant indicators in the process of management and other operations are repeatedly rewritten by specialists of different levels – designers and technologists, planners and accountants, economists and raters.

It is another thing if these conditional constants are recorded once on machine media. Then specialists will be able to repeatedly use these indicators in their work not only when collecting primary information, accounting, etc., but also when informing managers. Thus, if you supplement them with actual indicators that arise in production and economic activities, then all this information can be processed automatically on a PC.

These processes can be carried out using a set of computer and information technology, which rationally performs four groups of basic operations: collecting and transmitting information to a PC, its processing by pre-designed algorithms and programs, publishing processed information to users, storing and retrieving information.

Depending on operational possibilities and degree of application of the specified equipment at performance of these operations there is a partial and complex mechanization of operations, their partial and full automation. Full or complex automation of information operations in practice and in the literature is known as a system of machine or automated information processing.

In modern conditions, when it is necessary not only to collect and process information, but also to be able to provide it to managers and specialists of different levels, this system has been further developed and operates as a system of automated collection and processing of information …

To organize a system of automated collection and processing of information used to manage the object, you need to create such processes in which the probable primary information (which characterizes the production and other activities) once in the minimum composition in the rhythm of production would be measured and recorded (and sometimes initially processed) and in the same rhythm (if necessary) was transmitted by communication channels to the PC of users and comprehensively (systemically, ie comprehensively according to the corresponding algorithms) was processed (together with conditionally constant) on the PC so that received in a maximum the resulting information was completed and would fully meet all the requirements of personal narrative essay topics facility management, including informing managers and specialists of different levels, as well as the processes of design and technological preparation of production, rationing and planning, accounting and control, compiling consolidated reports and conducting c omprehensive economic analysis for different periods of time, etc. about the various structural units and the object of management in general. This is its essence.

Such a system of collecting and processing information can be created at different levels, on the scale of different organizational and managerial units – shop or production unit, enterprise or production association, industry, region, etc. With the increase in the scale of management, the complexity and complexity of the organization of system information processing increases significantly.

Now consider the essence of this system in detail.

When creating a system of automated collection and processing of information, it is first necessary to organize workstation complexes, united, for example, by a local network, which would collect primary information in places of its mass origin in the rhythm of production (ie at a time close to real) information technology.

At the same time, common steps should be defined for information sets in the planning and accounting of production and economic and other activities. This means that normative-planned indicators should be calculated taking into account hourly (ie per hour of working time, shift, etc.) and object-specific (ie per workplace, crew, shop, etc.) factors, as is typical of actual (accounting) indicators.

Studies confirm that workstation in complexes of large industries, such as associations, on the basis of resources (material, labor, financial resources, as well as fixed assets, finished products and general production activities), it is more appropriate to organize than on other grounds …

This approach to the organization of the system of workstation complexes at the control facility will allow:

to ensure the interconnection and control of the processes of collecting and processing information horizontally (between structural units) at each level, for each subject area – the resource subsystem; promptly and comprehensively provide for each subsystem and at all levels (vertically) the solution of functional management issues (rationing and regulation, planning, accounting and control, consolidated reporting, economic analysis and management decisions) for all types of production; promptly inform managers and specialists of different levels with reliable, complete and objectively necessary information about the state of resources, especially priority in production management, as well as about the processes and operations occurring at the enterprise and its structural units; to solve the problem of timely automated formation of reliable results (indicators) of production and economic and other activities of the enterprise as a whole, as well as obtaining consolidated financial indicators for the formation of established reporting for different periods of time.

In practical terms, the system of workstation complexes at the enterprise may have a structure that forms the technical basis of operational automated production management at a high quality level. It:

1. The complex of workstations for the management of production, production and shipment of finished products includes the following main workstations:

link of the lower level – the workstation of the master of the production site (this is the workstation for collecting and processing data on the output of workers-dispatchers), the workstation of the warehouse manager and (or) storekeeper; middle level link – workstation of the accountant, workstation of the rater, workstation of the technologist, workstation of the manager; the link of the highest level – the workstation of the senior accountant from the consolidated indicators, the workstation of the planner, the workstation of the commercial head, the workstation of the head.

2. The complex of workstations for the management of fixed assets includes the following main workstations:

link of the lower level – workstation of the master of the equipment; middle level link – workstation of the accountant, workstation of the technologist, workstation of the manager, the head; link of the highest level – workstation of the planner, workstation of the chief technologist, workstation of the head.

3. The complex of workstations for material resources management includes the following main workstations:

link of the lower level – workstation of the warehouse manager and (or) storekeeper; middle level link – workstation of an accountant, workstation of an economist, workstation of a rater, workstation of a manager, manager; the link of the highest level – the workstation of the senior accountant from the consolidated indicators, the workstation of the planner, the workstation of the head.

4. The complex of workstations for human resources management includes the following main workstations:

link of the lower level – the workstation of the foreman of the site (this is the workstation for collecting and processing data on production), the workstation of the report card; middle level link – workstation of the accountant, workstation of the rater, workstation of the personnel officer, workstation of the personnel manager; the highest level link – the workstation of the senior accountant on the consolidated indicators, the workstation of the economist, the workstation of the planner, the workstation of the manager, the head.

5. The complex of workstations for financial resources management includes the following main workstations:

lower-level link – cashier’s workstation and bank settlements; middle level link – workstation of an accountant, workstation of an economist, workstation of a planner, workstation of a manager, manager; the link of the highest level – the workstation of the senior accountant from the consolidated indicators, the workstation of the senior planner, the workstation of the senior economist, the workstation of the head.

It should be noted that the names of the above users’ workstations have primarily a functional (resource-based), rather than job, orientation, because the same user positions, especially in a market economy, have different names.

In addition to these workstation systems, there are the following PCs used in the enterprise as a whole:

as centralized (server), for placement of the distributed database (databases), library of the described forms of primary (input) and source documents, texts-preparations, regulatory and other information; for the formation of consolidated indicators for the enterprise as a whole; as centralized (server), to communicate with external management objects associated with the enterprise and located in the external environment; for the main management of the enterprise; for archive, marketing service, other needs.

When creating a system of workstations at different levels, it should be borne in mind that the number of PCs in a particular link (workplace) depends entirely on the amount of information collected on this workstation, the timing of its processing and frequency of issuance to its users.